Eagle is an underground mine producing nickel and copper concentrates. Lundin Mining acquired the Eagle project from Rio Tinto in 2013, accelerated construction activities and commenced commercial production in 2014.
- Mine Primarily Nickel and Copper
- Type Underground
- Ownership 100% Lundin Mining
- Location Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA
Eagle is located in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA, in Michigamme Township of Marquette County. The closest community to the mine site is Big Bay, 24 km from the property by road and the closest full-service community is Marquette, approximately 53 km by road. Marquette provides a regional airport, rail and shipping facilities, and a full range of commercial services. Ore from the Eagle mine is trucked to the Humboldt mill, site of a former iron ore processing facility, for processing into concentrates. The Humboldt mill lies approximately 60 km west of Marquette.
Eagle mine is an approximately 2,000 tonnes per day (tpd) underground nickel-copper mine. The mine is relatively shallow with ramp access from surface to the orebodies. The mine has two active mineralized zone called Eagle and Eagle East. A third zone, Keel, is being developed and expected to begin producing mill feed in 2024. Mine services and infrastructure extend from the bottom of the Eagle orebody to the Eagle East orebody. Backfilling is undertaken using cemented and uncemented rockfill. Ore from the mine is stored in a covered coarse ore stockpile facility prior to transport by road approximately 105 km to the Humboldt mill.
The Humboldt mill is a former iron ore processing plant site that has been converted and refurbished to process Eagle mine ore. Ore is processed using a conventional three-stage crushing and single stage ball mill process flotation to produce separate nickel and copper concentrates. Tailings from the plant are deposited sub-aqueously in the adjacent former Humboldt iron ore pit that has been repurposed.
Nickel and copper concentrates are stored in a covered concentrate building on site prior to being transport via rail car direct to smelter facilities within North America or ports for shipment overseas.
Geologic and Exploration Overview
Eagle and Eagle East orebodies are part of the same ultramafic intrusive system that hosts high grade primary magmatic nickel-copper sulphide mineralization. Mineralization styles are similar at Eagle and Eagle East, consisting of intrusions of mineralized peridotite with concentrations of sulphide mineralization mostly within the intrusion resulting in the accumulation of semi-massive and a central zone of massive sulphide.
Exploration activities at Eagle have included dyke lithogeochemistry, sulphur isotype studies, and geophysics (airborne, surface borehole resistivity and gravity, and 3D seismic survey). The main and most successful exploration tool has been diamond drilling in combination with a very robust and predictive deposit model.
13,000 – 16,000 t of nickel
12,000 – 15,000 t of copper Production
$1.50/lb - $1.65/lb of nickel C1 Cash Costs1
1These are non-GAAP measures. Please refer to the Company’s Management’s Discussion and Analysis for the year ended December 31, 2022 “Non-GAAP and Other Performance Measures”, for the GAAP reconciliation. The Eagle 2022 full-year actual cash cost per pound of nickel was $0.79.